AN IDEAL SITE FOR ASZÚ
Disznókő, declared First Growth in 1732, is one of the most favourable sites for aszú grape development in the Tokaj Wine Region. The arrival of the fungus (the Botrytis) and the shrivelling of the fully-ripe grape result in the aszú grape. Several physical factors ensure that the perfect aszú grape develops:
Cold winters, short spring and long hot summers usually stretch into an extended Indian summer. The warm days followed by cool nights in autumn bring morning mists necessary for the Botrytis. The humidity originates from the nearby rivers Bodrog and Tisza, as well as marshy land on the edge of the Great Hungarian Plain.
The Disznókő estate is among the warmest in the region.
- heated by constant summer warmth rising off the Great Plain to the south,
- protected from cold winter winds by the Zemplén Mountains to the north,
It benefits from the predominant east-west air movement shrivelling the aszú grapes.
Plenty of sun on the mainly south, south-west, south-east facing plots of the Disznókő estate.
135 to 220m above sea level. Though it may not seem particularly high, the height is gained in a very short distance from the Great Hungarian Plain immediately in front which lies at only around 80m. The vineyards are quite steep and held by terraces.
The characteristic soil within the Disznókő estate is a clay soil, settled on rhyolite and rhyolite tuff, a volcanic rock rich in minerals. It has an excellent structure with an ideal water retaining ability and warms up easily to radiate heat towards the vines. The soil has a neutral pH and a well-balanced nutrition content. The rich mineral content of the volcanic soil adds a unique “fire” to our wines.